Orthodontics, or “braces” is the branch of dentistry that focuses on preventing problems caused by an irregular bite. Orthodontists also have specialized training in dealing with facial abnormalities and disorders of the jaw. A parent may consult an orthodontist after receiving a referral from their child’s general dentist.

Any orthodontic problem may be classified as a malocclusion, or “bad bite.” Orthodontic treatment can be used to correct:

  • Misaligned, crooked, or crowded teeth.
  • Missing teeth
  • Extra teeth
  • An over- or Misaligned or incorrect jaw position
  • A disorder of the jaw joint

A member of our ortho team hard at work on Jennie our dental assistant.

In most cases, the ideal time for orthodontic treatment, is between the ages of 10 and 14. Although the re-alignment of teeth can be done at any age, the adult mouth must overcome already-positioned facial bones and jaw structure and may require more than one type of orthodontic treatment and can sometimes involve surgery.

Braces, also called fixed orthodontic appliances, generally come in three varieties:

  • Brackets, which may be metal or plastic, clear or tooth-colored, that are bonded to teeth.
  • Lingual-type brackets that attach to the back of teeth, hidden from view.
  • Metal bands that wrap around the teeth.